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Private work

Private work

Introduction | Policy | Definitions | General provisions | Private work | Professional work for a third party |
Contracts between UCT and third parties | Professional work as part of a staff member's output | Specific provisions

Introduction

  1. A staff member may undertake private work outside his/her normal working hours and off the University's premises, provided it is not in conflict with the interests of the University, or the work which he/she is employed to do.
  2. No staff member may use the University's telephones, stationery, transport, tools or other materials when carrying out private work, nor may he/she personally conduct such work in the University's time.
  3. Private trading on the campus without a licence from the relevant University authority is forbidden.
  4. Collection of funds on the campus, or from staff or students for charitable and other purposes may only be undertaken with the Registrar's approval.
  5. There is an essential need for over-time and stand-by work by members of the maintenance staff. The staff member is obliged to take part in such stand-by work, against overtime pay, on a roster system. Hence, any member of the maintenance staff who wishes to engage in private work is required to seek the permission of the University Engineer; permission will not be granted if such work is:
    1. likely to interfere with the efficiency of his/her work performance at the University (e.g. involves unduly long hours).
    2. likely to interfere with his/her work at the University (e.g. operating a private business or employing others to do so during normal working hours).

Policy

The University at its discretion permits full time PASS staff to engage in professional work for third parties and in private work outside of working hours, under circumstances and subject to conditions it specifies from time to time, because it recognises the importance of this, especially where, as is often the case, it has the potential to contribute to the quality of their work and service.

Definitions

For the purpose of this policy we define -

  • private work to mean work done outside the campuses of UCT and outside the ambit of the University, unrelated to the staff members' professional/employment role as a staff member, which does not require usage of any UCT facilities or equipment and which does not involve him/her in employing a UCT staff member who reports to him/her directly or indirectly; (An example of such work would be the hypothetical case of a member of academic staff in the Science Faculty who chooses to play in a jazz band using his/her own instruments and who is remunerated for doing so. Another example would be the hypothetical case of a senior lecturer in accounting doing the basic books of a corner café in his own (private) time; such work is not at the professional level expected of a Senior Lecturer in accounting and for that reason is private work.) and
  • professional work for a third party to mean any work undertaken for a third party (a third party to include the individual's own company or close corporation) related to, or relying upon, the professional capacity or the professional qualifications of the staff member.

General provisions

As the interests of the University must be protected a full-time member of staff may not engage in any private work or professional work for a third party (paid or voluntary) that conflicts with the interests of the University or the performance of his/her obligations as a member of staff.

Private work

PASS staff may not carry out private work (as opposed to professional work) within normal working hours. PASS staff may not carry out private work using University facilities, or on campus outside of normal working hours without prior written approval. Though a full-time member of the PASS staff does not require permission to do other private work (as defined above) s/he must inform his/her line-manager (Head of Department or Executive Director or Dean) in writing of the nature and extent of all private work that s/he undertakes.

Professional work for a third party

Any professional work for a third party, and any work for a third party, that is not covered by the above definition of private work, for pay, reward or not, undertaken by a member of the PASS staff must either:

  • be undertaken as a properly priced contract between UCT and third party and have written prior permission of the staff member's line manager, or
  • have the prior written permission of the staff member's line manager (HOD or ED or Dean) if it is a private contract between the staff member and the third party. The line manager must satisfy himself/herself that the work proposed does not constitute a conflict of interest and that it will not have an undue effect on the duties directly associated with the staff member's appointment.

Cost recovery of a private contract must be on the basis that:

  • the contract is costed on the basis of direct and overhead cost recovery guidelines;
  • the contract is priced in the knowledge of such costs (which, inter alia, means that it could be priced well below the cost); and
  • the recovery is on the basis of the direct and overhead costs included in the price; and
  • the contract defines intellectual property rights and is priced accordingly.

If undertaken as a UCT contract, the staff member is covered by UCT professional insurance and UCT is responsible for invoicing and debt collection. If undertaken as a private contract, the staff member is responsible for invoicing, no insurance cover is provided and the staff member is responsible for meeting all tax commitments.

The line manager (Head of Department, ED or Dean) must approve the cost recovery proposal for any private contract. Any direct costs associated with such a contract must be recovered on this basis.

Any such contract must be costed using the principle of full cost recovery applicable to research contracts. The price of the contract must be set on the basis of the direct and overhead cost recovery guidelines applicable to the faculty or PASS department concerned. Direct and overhead costs are the first charge against the income derived from the contract. Any such contract may contain provisions for additional payments to one or any of the staff (or students) working on the contract. Such payments must be made through the payroll system subject to the current payment approval authorities, and are a second charge against revenue derived from the contract.

Contracts between UCT and third parties

Where there is a surplus of revenue:

  • and the Principal Investigator (i.e. the person responsible for the performance of the contract) has research as part of his/her position description, the surplus will be credited to a fund over which he/she will have decision rights, for the sole purpose of meeting expenditure incurred in prosecuting research, under the standard rules applicable to research funds (including payment of salaries to people engaged in the research, but not to himself/herself and/or family members, and that all salary payments are made via the payroll system); or
  • in the case of an academic department, the surplus must be credited at the discretion of the Head of Department to a departmental operating fund, or an existing research fund over which the Head of Department or a researcher in the department has decision rights; or;
  • in the case of a PASS department, the surplus must be credited at the discretion of the Head of Department to a departmental operating fund, or an existing special purposes fund over which the Head of Department or a member in the department has decision rights.

Revenue from cost recovery will be dealt with in the same way as revenue from cost recovery from research contracts.

Professional work as part of a staff member's output

The outputs of professional work for a third party, or in the context of a contract between UCT and a third party, will not normally be included by a PASS staff member in his/her portfolio of work achievement in performance reviews, but may be included at the discretion of the HOD or ED or Dean.

Specific provisions

It is recorded for completeness that individual staff do not have the legal capacity to conclude (agree or sign) contracts with third parties on behalf of UCT, and that an explicit Council decision is needed to this.

Any failure to comply with any of the requirements of this policy will be deemed to constitute a material breach of employment conditions; without limiting the generality of this any of the following would constitute a material breach -

  • the failure to report private work fully, accurately, or timeously;
  • solicitation or acceptance of paid work which might otherwise have been undertaken by the staff member is his or her capacity as a staff member;
  • undertaking professional work for a third party without having sought line management's consent; or
  • committing time to private work or to professional work for a third party during working hours, or to the detriment of the University and/or to his/her professional obligations.
  • mis-representing to a third party that he or she is acting in a University capacity in undertaking the private work, or failing to correct such understanding on the part of the third party.

There shall be no specific appeal procedure for this process, instead a member of staff may invoke the normal grievance procedure for PASS staff in the case of disaffection with line management's decision.

February 2005
(after consultation with the Employees Union, approved by Council EXCO with some changes)

Page last updated: 20 September 2011